10 Reasons Why Liquibase is the Best Tool for Database Migrations

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Liquibase is an open-source tool that has been around since 2005. It was created to manage database migrations in a standardized way, and it provides code-generation capabilities to make the whole process easier for developers.

What is Liquibase?

Liquibase is a tool that enables developers to manage database changes. It offers a simple XML-based schema for tracking changes, and it integrates with popular version control systems such as Git and SVN.

Liquibase also has strong community support, with over 1000 commits on GitHub. The tool is actively maintained, with new features and bug fixes released regularly.

Liquibase is the best tool for database migrations because it is easy to use, well-supported, and constantly improving.

How does it work?

Liquibase is an open-source tool that helps developers manage database changes. It works by tracking changes to your database in a central location, known as a changelog. This changelog can be used to generate SQL scripts or update your database directly.

Liquibase supports a wide range of databases, including MySQL, PostgreSQL, Oracle, Microsoft SQL Server, and many more. It also has a rich set of features, such as support for multiple schemas and tablespaces, flexible change logging, and much more.

Best of all, Liquibase is easy to use. There is no need to install any special software or learn a new language. Simply download the latest version from the Liquibase website and you’re ready to go.

What are the benefits of using Liquibase vs. other tools?

Liquibase is an open-source database migration tool that offers a number of benefits over other tools, including:

  1. Greater flexibility: Liquibase supports a wide range of databases, including those used in production, development, and testing environments. This allows for a more seamless workflow when migrating databases between these different environments.
  2. Increased control: With Liquibase, you have greater control over the changes that are made to your database during migration. This can be helpful in ensuring that only the desired changes are made and that they are made in the correct order.
  3. Enhanced security: Liquibase uses a checksum-based approach to database migrations, which means that each change is verified before it is applied. This verification process helps to ensure that the changes being made are safe and will not cause any unexpected issues.
  4. Faster performance: Liquibase is able to optimize the changes that are made to your database during a migration, which can help to reduce the overall time required for the migration.
  5. Better team collaboration: Liquibase’s changelog file format enables easy tracking of database changes, making it simpler for teams to work together on migrations.

How do migrations work in Liquibase?

Migrations with Liquibase are designed to be as simple and straightforward as possible. First, you create a changeset file that contains the SQL necessary to make a change to your database. Next, you run the liquibase update command against your database, specifying the path to your changeset file. This will execute the SQL in your changeset file and update the Liquibase changelog table in your database, recording that the changeset has been executed.

If you need to roll back a change, you can simply specify the rollback command and Liquibase will revert the change by executing the corresponding SQL in your changeset file. This makes it easy to track which changes have been made to your database and makes it simple to roll back any unwanted changes.

Why is Liquibase better than other tools?

Liquibase is a great tool for database migrations because it is open source, supports multiple database types, and has a large community of users.

Other tools may only support a single database type or may not be open source, which limits their usefulness. Liquibase also has a large community of users who can help with questions or problems that you may have.

What is Flyway

Flyway is an open-source database migration tool that prefers simplicity and convention over configuration. As of now, it supports most of the currently used database engines, such as Postgres, Oracle, SQL Server, DB2, H2, MariaDB, and many others. It also supports some cloud base database services like Amazon RDS or Google Cloud SQL or Heroku. 

Differences Between Flyway and Liquibase

  1. Cross-database usage   Both tools give you the possibility to write migration scripts in pure SQL so as long as you use it you have to customize your scripts while doing migrations across different database machines. still, you’ll have the possibility to use ‘ magic ’ or queries with keywords being in a specific machine which can greatly increase your database performance. If you decide to use Liquibase and write your scripts in one of the other supported formats you should fluently be suitable to use the same scripts across different databases.
  2. Diff generation You can induce diff with Liquibase but not with Flyway, indeed with its paid version. It was one of the main reasons why we chose Liquibase over Flyway in our projects.
  3. Integration As I mentioned in the paragraph describing parallels, both tools are nearly the same in this area. There’s one but veritably important difference then, which I would like to mention. Flyway has a native Java API. It’s designed to help us with further complex migrations like BLOB and CLOB changes or advanced bulk data changes. This API can be veritably useful in some cases and may be the reason to choose Flyway over Liquibase.
  4. Rollbacks Now it’s time to describe how our tools handle rollbacks. On one hand, they’re fairly easy to set up in Liquibase changelog lines. In fact, there’s indeed a special field defined in the changelog XML structure for rollback law. On the other hand, in Flyway it’s only available in the paid version. Unfortunately, I didn’t have an occasion to use it, so I’m not suitable to make a full comparison here. However, it can be worth it to delft in this Flyway feature, If you’re willing to pay for your tool. still, the paid version of Liquibase apparently has indeed more complex support for different kinds of rollbacks so it also is worth checking.
  5. Change order management   The last thing that I want to mention and compare is managing the order of changes. Here both tools have a completely different approach. Flyway is based on concepts of linear database versioning. It means that the order of applied changes depends on migration script names. In other words, there is a whole naming convention for Flyway migration scripts, which you must follow if you want it to work as expected. In Liquibase the order of applying changes to our database instance is based on a particular change location in the overall changelog file. You can be sure that if you put your changes in some order within the changelog you will have your changes applied in exactly the same order in your database.

10 Reasons Why Liquibase is the Best Tool:

There are many great options out there for database migrations, but we believe that Liquibase is the best tool for the job. Here are 10 reasons why:

  1. It’s open-source and free to use.
  2. It integrates well with a variety of different tools and frameworks.
  3. It supports a wide range of databases.
  4. Its changelog feature is extremely helpful in tracking and managing database changes over time.
  5. The community support for Liquibase is excellent.
  6. The documentation is very comprehensive and easy to follow.
  7. It has a very active development team who are constantly adding new features and improving the tool.
  8. It’s easy to get started with Liquibase – you don’t need any special skills or knowledge to use it effectively.
  9. Liquibase can save you a lot of time and effort when migrating your databases.
  10. It’s simply the best tool out there for database migrations.


In this blog, we covered the features of Liquibase, and Why Liquibase is the Best Tool for Database Migrations also described some differences between Liquibase and Flyway.

Written by 

I'm a Software Consultant at Knoldus Inc. I have done Post Graduation from Quantum University Roorkee. I have knowledge of various programming languages. I'm passionate about Java development and curious to learn Java Technologies. I'm always ready to learn new technologies and my hobbies are cricket and action movies.