Akka HTTP Route Testing

Reading Time: 2 minutes

Akka HTTP puts a lot of focus on testability of code. It has a dedicated module akka-http-testkit for testing rest api’s. When you use this testkit you are not need to run external web server or application server to test your rest API’s. It will do all needed the stubbing and mocking for you which greatly simplifies the testing process.

Adding dependency

You need to add akka-http-testkit library to test your rest services.


Note : Since version 10.1.6, akka-stream-testkit  is a provided dependency, please remember to add it to your build dependencies.

Testing Rest API

1. Create Spec with ScalatestRouteTest

class RestSpec extends WordSpec with Matchers with ScalatestRouteTest{

The above code uses scala-test for testing. In our spec, we mix ScalatestRouteTest which comes from akka-http-testkit library. It provides the actor system and flow materializer for test environment. ‘

2. Create the routes to test

 val smallRoute: Route =
    get {
        pathSingleSlash {
          complete {
            "List all comments!"
        path("comment") {
          complete("Show Comment")
    } ~
      post {
      { comment => complete(s"added the comment '$comment' to the tutorial")

3. Test Route

Once we have the request, we can send the request using ~> operator as below code.

"The service" should {

    "return all comments for GET requests to the root path" in {
      // tests:
      Get() ~> smallRoute ~> check {
        responseAs[String] shouldEqual "List all comments"

    "return a 'Show Comment' response for GET requests to /comment" in {
      // tests:
      Get("/comment") ~> smallRoute ~> check {
        responseAs[String] shouldEqual "Show Comment"

"add comments to a tutorial" in { 
 Post("/comment", "new comment") ~> smallRoute ~> check { 
 responseAs[String] shouldBe "added the comment 'new comment' to the   
 tutorial"  }}

The basic structure of a test built with the testkit is this (expression placeholder in all-caps):

REQUEST ~> ROUTE ~> check {


Akka HTTP’s routing DSL might seem confusing at first, but after overcoming some bumps it just clicks. After a while it’ll come naturally and it can be very powerful.

We learned how to structure our routes, but more importantly, we learned how to create that structure guided by tests which will make sure we don’t break them at some point in the future.

Even though we only worked on three endpoints, we ended up with a somewhat complicated and deep structure.



Written by 

Munander is a Software Consultant in Knoldus Software LLP. He has done b.tech from IMS Engineering college, Ghaziabad. He has decent knowledge of C,C++,Java,Angular and Lagom. He always tries to explore new technologies. His hobbies include playing cricket and adventure.