open source

Comparing Eureka vs. Consul.io

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Overview:

Hello everyone, let’s take an overview of this blog. In this blog, I will discuss how we can compare spring cloud gateway with eureka vs consul. Microservices is a newer architectural pattern for enterprise web service development. However, one of the greatest challenges with this sort of design is how to oversee the revelation of the web services. Moreover, based on this challenge, there are a few distinctive open-source alternatives.

What is Eureka?

  • Eureka Server is an application that holds the information about all client-service applications.
  • Every Micro service will register into the Eureka server. Similarly, eureka server knows all the client applications running on each port and IP address.
  • We can deploy or self launched Eureka Server as a Runnable JAR. On the other hand Eureka Client is attach through Spring Boot and is part of the application.
  • It is use Zuul for edge connections such as external devices or JavaScript clients.

What is Consul.io?

  • The Consul is an application that is launch from the command line.
  • We can use control-c as a result it terminate the Server instance gracefully.
  • Despite that a datacenter is attach internally with a join command specifying the Consul Server nodes.
  • However, to connect the Datacenters, one of the Consul Server instance need to join -wan with the other WAN servers.
  • Consequently, the Datacenter to Datacenter communication is limited to Consul Server communication between Centers.

Sample Consul.io configuartion:

Sample Eureka configuration:

Comparison between Eureka and Consul.io:

Measure
Eureka
Consul.io

Spring Cloud integration
Yes – Angel SR3 Yes – Brixton

Management in Container
I believe so. There are docker targets. However, based on documentation, I am not clear on the configuration of peers.Yes. The API implies Docker support.

Health monitoring of Endpoints
Yes. Removal of failed after 90 minutes (configurable)Yes. Removal after 72 hours. (Fixed)

Multiple Datacenter
PossibleYes per application documentation.

DNS support
No. Would require another package.Yes. Built-in.

HTTP
Possible but not used in NetflixYes. Keygen and other configuration is done via  Consul CLI

Endpoint Update method
Delta content with occasional full contentAlways full content

Recommended Number per datacenter
2 or more instances of Server connected as Peers3-5 instances per Datacenter with the ability to connect Datacenters.

Circuit Breaker
Supported with Hystrix and code modificationNot available

Health Check data collection
Hystrix with HystrixDashboard. Aggregation via Turbine.Built into the Consul.io web access page.

Polyglot support
Requires addition of Sidecar.Built-in support.

Conclusion:

To sum up, looking at Micro-service architectures, one of the biggest challenges is managing Service Discovery and providing a reliable architecture. Similarly, along those lines, two different Service Discovery options are easily integrated into an application using Spring Cloud: Eureka and Consul.io. Meanwhile, eureka comes from the Netflix OSS and was added to one of the Spring Cloud release pipelines. Consul.io comes from HashiCorp and is maintained by both HashiCorp and the open-source community. Consul.io was also added to a Spring Cloud release pipeline. Hence, there are other Service Discovery utilities. However, these are the only ones evaluated for this purpose.

For more, you can refer to the documentation: https://cloud.spring.io/spring-cloud-gateway/reference/html/

knoldus

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Hello! Currently, I am Software Consultant at Knoldus Inc. I have completed my B.Tech from Abdul Kalam Technical University. Right now I am focusing on JAVA Frameworks. Apart from that my hobbies are playing guitar and listening to music.