Git Cheat Sheet: Basics

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In this blog, I have listed some of the basic commands like installing and configuring the Git. How Git works is not the focus of this post. I have piled up some commands for performing basic operations in git.

1) Install Git

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install git

2) Configuring username and email of git

git config --global ""
git config --global "Shivangi Gupta"

3) Initializing git in a repository

git init

4) To see the changes in files

git status

5) Adding all changes to commit

git add .
-For all files which have been changed

git add
-Add only specified files

6) Committing staged files

git commit -m "commit message"

7) Push all added files to a repository

git push origin master

if you are pushing first time to the remote repository

git remote add origin

Now you can push your changes to the selected remote server.

8) To create a new branch

git checkout -b "branch name"

git checkout “branch name” (switch to specified branch)

9) To see all branches

git branch
-it will display all branches locally

git branch -a
– it will show local and remote branches

10) To update your local repository with remote

git pull origin "branch name"
-it will pull all changes from the remote repository

11) To rebase the local with remote branch

git pull -r origin "branch name"

12) To see all the logs and commits message

git log

13) Unfortunately, if you have added files which you don’t want to add. To undo it,

git reset
-It will unstage all staged files. Now you can add again only required files.

14) Unfortunately, you have committed unwanted files. To undo it,

git reset HEAD^
-It will revert your commit to all unstaged files.

15) If you have written a wrong commit message, you can edit it with,

git commit --amend

15) To rename a branch name

git branch -m newname
-It will rename your current branch
git branch -m oldname newname
-it will rename your specified branch name

16) To create a new branch from particular commit id

git checkout -b justin commitid
-it will create a new branch “justin” from given commit id

17) To remove files from the cache

git rm --cached -r filename

18) To delete a branch locally

git branch -D branchname

19) To delete a branch remotely

git push origin --delete branchname

20) Merging multiple commits into one commit

git rebase -i HEAD~n
-where n is number of commits you want to squash

21) Undo all changes which are not yet staged

git checkout .

22) Pointing branch to the last commit

git reset --hard HEAD

It will undo all changes which are staged as well as not staged.

23) If you want a commit from one branch to be applied to another branch, cherry-pick is there for you

  1. Make sure you are on the branch you want to apply the commit to.
    git checkout <branch-name>
  2. Execute the following:
    git cherry-pick <commit-hash>

Hope this compilation helps you. Share your thoughts in the comments below.


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I am a Software Consultant and has experience of more than 1.5 years. I like to study and write about latest technologies.

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