Technology is day by day evolving in each and every industry due to the desire for more connected and intelligent devices. That’s why the Internet of Things is growing day by day and it has touched the automobile industry as well which resulted in the evolution of the Internet of Vehicles. According to one report by BusinessInsider, it’s forecasted that IoT connected devices will reach 64 billion by 2025.
IoV is a key member of rapid growth in IoT. It allows vehicles to exchange information, efficiency, and most importantly, safety with others as well as with infrastructure using Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs), which originated from Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANETs).
We can say that IoV is the evolution of conventional VANETs, which states that everything is a network of different entities, like, vehicles, pedestrians, roads, traffic signals, parking lots, and city infrastructure and it helps in providing real-time communication among them.
How does it Work?
The IoV uses all kinds of interconnectivity which creates a social network with smart objects as participants and it leads us to the Social Internet of Vehicles (SIoV).
All the sensors, GPS installed in vehicles, smart terminals, etc. spread across modern urban infrastructure which gathers information and communicates securely based on which vehicles are guided in real-time.
Furthermore, IoV helps manufacturers in finding defects in vehicles, when the service is due, optimize customer experience and reliability. This predictive maintenance helps in lowering the risk of failures or emergencies.
The IoV typically contains three layers:
It includes all the sensors installed in the vehicle. This layer collects data pertaining to events, driving patterns, GPS, situations, etc.
This is the communication layer. It ensures that the vehicle has connectivity to all networks required, like, WiFi, 4G/5G, Bluetooth.
This layer is responsible for analyzing, storing, processing the information relayed, and based on it making decisions. It represents efficiency, safety, and infotainment.
All the connected vehicles have their id, known as GID which provides vehicles with digital IDs which are essential for automotive cybersecurity.
The Internet of Vehicles is an evolving area that is an essential and active part of the Internet of Things. By usage of IoV, certain problems, such as driver and pedestrian safety, convenience, better vehicular information to users, and personalized user engagement can be improved at large. In addition to that, vehicle thefts can be reduced by GPS being an active part of the IoV.