Welcome to this blog. You might be aware about today’s topic but before taking deep dive into setting up environment using debootstrap tool. Let us first understand about Chroot.
In Simplified terms chroot is command to change a particular directory to be the root directory. So once you’re inside this space you cannot access any directory above it. This also locks the access to any program aside from this space.
So it allows you to have a temporary system for development and testing without using virtual machine. his modified environment is known as “chroot jail” or “jailed directory”.
what is debootstrap ?
Debootstrap can be used to install Debian in a system without using an installation disk but can also be used to run a different Debian flavor in a chroot environment. A full minimal Debian installation can can be done for testing purposes.
Debootstrap can only use one repository for its packages. If you need to merge packages from different repositories (the way apt does) to make a rootfs, or you need to automatically customise the rootfs, then use Multistrap.
When you do debootstrap –help, You can see this
Now let’s create the environment
Firstly Update apt‘s package repository.
sudo apt update
Now Install debootstrap using apt.
sudo apt install debootstrap
Create a new separate directory.
Now Since everything is ready , lets create a base Ubuntu system using debootstrap on this directory
we will mount proc, sys and dev filesystem on to the base system.
sudo mount -t proc /proc newchroot-ubuntu/proc sudo mount --rbind /sys newchroot-ubuntu/sys sudo mount --rbind /dev newchroot-ubuntu/dev
chroot to the folder
sudo chroot newchroot-ubuntu /bin/bash
as you can see your environment is ready. do whatever you want to do here after this you can also Unmount the mounted proc, sys and dev filesystem and also delete this folder.
To Unmount the mounted proc, sys and dev use this
sudo umount newchroot-ubuntu/proc newchroot-ubuntu/sys newchroot-ubuntu/dev
Remove the chroot folder if you want
sudo rm -rf newchroot-ubuntu
This was all about how to create a chroot environment using debootstrap tool. If you liked this article please do comment and share. to learn about more about chroot visit this blog.