Time To Learn About Partially-Applied Function in Scala

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Now Is The Time For You To Know The Truth About Partially-Applied Function And Currying in Scala

Pattern Matching in Scala can extend to create Partially-Applied functions, a unary function that does not support every possible value that meets the input type. Partial functions are only for certain domains of input values.

Partially Applied functions

The Partially-Applied functions are the functions that are not applied on all the arguments defined by the stated function i.e while invoking a function, we can supply some of the arguments and the left arguments are supplied when required. we call a function we can pass fewer arguments in it and when we pass fewer arguments it does not throw an exception.

  • Partially applied functions are helpful in minimizing a function which accepts many arguments to a function that accepts only some arguments.
  • It can replace any number of arguments defined by a function.
  • It is easier for users to utilize this method.


val multiply = (a: Int, b: Int, c: Int) => a * b * c
// less arguments passed
val f = multiply(1, 2, _: Int)

As we can see in the above syntax we have a normal function multiply which has three arguments we pass fewer arguments (two). we can see it does not throw an exception that is a partially applied function.

// Scala program of Partially
// applied functions
// Creating object
object Applied
	// Main method
	def main(args: Array[String])
		// Creating a Partially applied
		// function
		def Book(discount: Double, costprice: Double)
		: Double =
			(1 - discount/100) * costprice
		// Applying only one argument
		val discountedPrice = Book(25, _: Double)
		// Displays discounted price
		// of the book

Partially Defined Functions

This is a unary function that works only for certain values. (Unary means it accepts only one argument.) This idea maps perfectly to the mathematical concept of a domain. For example, the natural logarithm is not defined for any x < =0. We can express that in Scala. Define a function l and use the case statement to limit the parameters it will accept

Scala Currying Function

Through the Scala curry function, we can split a list with multiple parameters into a chain of functions each with one parameter. This means we define them with more than one parameter list. It is a function that takes multiple arguments which can translate into a series of function calls that each take a single argument.

A Syntax of Scala Currying Function:

We use the following syntax to carry out currying:def multiply(a:Int)(b:Int)=a*b

def multiply(a:Int)(b:Int)=a*b

Another way we can do this is:def multiply(a:Int)=(b:Int)=>a*b

def multiply(a:Int)=(b:Int)=>a*b

Example – 1

scala> class Add{
| def sum(a:Int)(b:Int)={
| a+b}
| }
defined class Add
scala> var a=new Add()
a: Add = Add@53cba89f
scala> a.sum(3)(4)
res4: Int = 7

Advantages of Currying Function in Scala

  1. One benefit is that Scala currying makes creating anonymous functions easier.
  2. Scala Currying also makes it easier to pass around a function as a first-class object. You can keep applying parameters when you find them.


Hence, using the concept of partial functions, we use curry functions in Scala. This lets us split a list of multiple parameters into a chain of functions. The benefit of the Currying and Partially Applied function is the ability to create specialized functions based on general functions without introducing new code keeping the code free of duplication.


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Enthusiastic Programmer eager to learn new technologies ahead of me.Beginner-level Java , Scala programmer and sound knowledge of python, C, C++ languages. Worked on IDE(Netbeans, IntelliJ IDE, Anaconda, Eclipse)